What is Earth Day, Earth Day Activities and Recent problems in environment



Every year on this day 22nd April, we celebrate Global Earth Day.  It was first started in 1970.  Senator Gaylord Nelson, a junior senator from Wisconsin.  In January 1969, massive oil spill in Santa Barbara, California had inspired many students to create anti-war movement against oil spills.  Senator announced the idea of teach-in on college campuses about environmental issues.  So they recruited Denis Hayes, a young activist to organize the campus teachings and they choose April 22.  They conducted many events and it soon become broadened and they changed the name to 'Earth Day'.
  • 1970 - The First Earth Day makes 20 million Americans to call for increased protections for the planet.
  • 1990 - Earth Day goes globally, makes 200 million people in 141 countries.
  • 2000 - Earth Day reaches millions of local people across many countries through the power of Digital Media.
  • 2010 - Earth Day Network (Earthday.org) launches A Billion Acts of Green and The Canopy Project.
  • 2020 - Earth Day 2020 marked 50 years with many activities that aims to make people to take actions for our planet.

Plan for 2021 (Theme for Earth Day 2021)

"Restore our Earth" is the theme for Earth Day 2021.  This focuses on
  • Natural processes and emerging Green Technologies that can restore the world's ecosystem.

Recent problems in environment

  • The climate crisis continuously - Global attention on COVID-19 pandemic, the climate change and increase in temperature has temporarily low due to this pandemic.  But it will increases continues in the upcoming year.  But this only translates to a 0.01 degree Celsius reduction of global warming by 2050.
  • Recent years have been seen that wildfires are happening during harvest season and many forest fires are also happening ( Brazil Amazon forest fire happened in 2020).  This causes forest animals suffer and increases CO2 level in atmosphere.
  • Locusts swarm in Turkana, Kenya and many other parts of the world, can create cyclones.
  • Increased storms and floods are due to climate change increases.
  • Global ice loss has increased the climate change and increases Earth temperature.

Earth Day Activities

1. Support Pollinators


Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a male part of a plant to a female stigma.  This will create offspring for next generation.  Bees are one of the  pollinating agents.  Selecting right plants to your garden and bring native bees and other pollinating creatures to your garden.

2. Plant a Tree


Planting tree is very good habit.  It reduces carbon di oxide level in atmosphere.  Trees are very useful, it gives many things like fruits, medicines, improves economic.  It increases fresh air and prevent you from diseases.

3. Avoid Plastics


Plastics are the major pollutant in the society.  Try to reduce plastics in the kitchen and clean up plastic in your neighborhood.  Plogging is a combination of jogging with picking up plastics or litter in the surroundings.  It was started as an organizational activity in Sweden around 2016.
                                                                                                Do you know about seven recycling symbols?      -  Read now                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

4. Save Water


We are wasting a lot of water.  Avoid waste water in kitchens, gardens, industries and other household activities.  Building Rainwater harvest and collecting water from rainfall is a good idea.  Conserve water for future generation.

5. Create social awareness


Creating social awareness about Earth day to your neighborhood, can make people to do things together to change the environment.  

Last Modified on 21th April 2021, 11:30 PM IST

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